Lesson plans: Desegregation: Past, Present, and Future

Objectives: To engage students in a debate about the relevancy of desegregation today.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: 5-8 Middle School; 9-12 High School

Time period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

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Lesson plans: Paul Laurence Dunbar High School

Objectives: To understand one example of educational opportunity available to African-American students prior to the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka decision in 1954; To illustrate and understand one strategy that African-Americans used to combat racial segregation; To analyze the feelings of students who attended Dunbar.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: 9-12 High School

Geographic: Ouachita Mountains

Location: Pulaski County

Time period: Early 20th Century (Great Depression) (gr 9-12); World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

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Lesson plans: Every Person Has a Story of Courage: The Little Rock Nine

Objectives: To learn about and feel the emotions of events surrounding the integration of Little Rock Central High School; To identify the Little Rock Nine, their contributions to the Civil Rights Movement, and understand their courage in the face of adversity.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: 5-8 Middle School; 9-12 High School

Geographic: Ouachita Mountains

Location: Pulaski County

Time period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

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Lesson plans: Teaching Empathy, The Story of Ruby Bridges

Objectives: To understand empathy and respond in appropriate ways by reading The Story of Ruby Bridges by Robert Coles; To recognize courage in others and ourselves; To form connections with others and practice empathy/courage in our daily lives.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: K-4 Elementary School

Time period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

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Lesson plans: You’re the Justice! A Landmark Case in Supreme Court History

In 1954, the United States Supreme Court issued a decision that declared “separate education facilities [were] inherently unequal” and violated the 14th Amendment guarantee of “equal protection of the laws” for all citizens. It was a reversal of the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson decision, which established the doctrine of “separate but equal.”

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: 9-12 High School

Geographic: Ouachita Mountains

Location: Pulaski County

Time period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

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Lesson plans: “Great things happen in small places…” Government Authority and Civil Rights Activism in Arkansas

Objectives: To comprehend the desegregation crisis at Little Rock Central High School in 1957; To identify the Arkansas State Legislature, its role in the crisis at Little Rock Central High School, and the attributes of effective leadership; To comprehend the way legal appeals through the federal court systems, combined with grass roots organizations (church communities, neighborhoods) and individual activism, causedchange at Little Rock Central High School; To feel the depth of emotion held by all sides of the struggle and encourage respect for personal opinion.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: 9-12 High School

Geographic: Ouachita Mountains

Location: Pulaski County

Time period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

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Lesson plans: Daisy Lee Gatson Bates

Objectives: To identify major civil rights leaders; To learn that ordinary men and women struggled
for their beliefs and the beliefs of others during the Civil Rights Movement; All the participants of the Civil Rights Movement –
famous or otherwise – deserve to have their stories told; All persons have the obligation to pass stories related to the Civil Rights Movement to younger people.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: K-4 Elementary School; 5-8 Middle School; 9-12 High School

Geographic: Ouachita Mountains

Location: Pulaski County

Time period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

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Lesson plans: Surviving the Holocaust: An Arkansas Story

The lesson plan utilizes The Broken Vase by Phillip H. McMath and Emily Matson Lewis. The Broken Vase is a roman à clef (“novel with a key,” or novel based on real life) written in close collaboration with Holocaust survivor Penina Krupitsky, who appears in the novel as the fictional Miriam Kellerman. Penina Krupitsky currently resides in Little Rock, Arkansas. Students will utilize various sources, including electronic technologies, to gain a comprehensive understanding of the events of the Holocaust. They will develop research, reading, and writing skills as directed by the classroom teacher.

Creator: Butler Center

Grades: 9-12 High School

Time period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

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Lesson plans: Memory Project: Collecting and Sharing Our Civil Rights Stories

Students will utilize various sources, including electronic technologies, to gain an understanding of the Memory Project’s topic of civil rights. Students will also participate in class discussions after reading selected interviews from Beyond Central, Toward Acceptance. They will also do research and conduct oral history interviews as directed. Students will also complete essays utilizing information obtained in the oral history interviews.

Creator: Butler Center

Grades: 9-12 High School

Time period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

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Lesson plans: Uncle Sam Desired Our Presence: Arkansans in the Korean War

Students will observe and reflect on the personal experiences of Arkansans as they study the Korean War.

Creator: Butler Center

Grades: 9-12 High School

Time period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

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