Lesson plans: We Will Persevere! The WPA in Arkansas Lesson Plan 2016

The purpose of this lesson plan is to instill a historic preservation ethic in young Arkansans by helping them understand the Great Depression and the New Deal in Arkansas, and why these two 20th century historical events were crucial in Arkansas’s history.

Creator: Arkansas Historic Preservation Program

Grades: 5-8 Middle School; 9-12 High School

Time period: Early 20th Century 1901-1940 (gr 7-8); Early 20th Century (Great Depression) (gr 9-12)

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Lesson plans: Arkansas Architects at Work

Objectives: The student will be introduced to what architecture is and how it relates to history, social change and the environment. The student will learn about the history of architecture in Arkansas. The student will be introduced to new vocabulary that pertains to 20th century architecture. The student will learn about two prominent 20th century Arkansas architects. The student will learn what an architect has to consider while designing a building. The student will learn that architectural styles are an expression of taste, the time period, creativity and values of the architect, the client and community.

Creator: Arkansas Historic Preservation Program

Grades: 9-12 High School

Time period: Early 20th Century (Progressive Era and WW1) (gr 9-12); Early 20th Century (Great Depression) (gr 9-12); World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967; Modern Era 1968 to Present

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Lesson plans: American Indians and the 14th Amendment

OBJECTIVES: Students will examine and understand the meaning of the 14th Amendment as it was written in 1865 and how it is applied in the 20th and 21st centuries to American Indians; Students will examine the legal standing of American Indians before and after the passage of the 14th Amendment; Students will be able to define the changing definition of citizenship in America.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: 9-12 High School

Time period: Civil War Through the Gilded Age 1861-1900; Early 20th Century (Progressive Era and WW1) (gr 9-12); Early 20th Century (Great Depression) (gr 9-12); World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

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Lesson plans: Great Depression Lesson Plan

This unit explores the effects of the Great Depression in Arkansas through the use of primary and secondary sources. Students will read letters written to Arkansas Governor Harvey Parnell asking for help in 1930 and 1931, and his responses, along with a newspaper article about conditions at the time. A map of Red Cross relief efforts the U.S. in 1930 illustrates the great efforts and needs in Arkansas. Photographs taken in Arkansas during the 1930s allow students to view and analyze the effects of the Great Depression through images. Descriptions of how people bettered their situations in the 1930s can be analyzed and compared to contemporary situations. A list of various activities related to original primary and secondary resources allows teacher the flexibility to choose parts of this lesson plan to use and adapt to the various needs of their students.

Creator: Arkansas State Archives

Grades: 5-8 Middle School; 9-12 High School

Time period: Early 20th Century (Great Depression) (gr 9-12)

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Lesson plans: Paul Laurence Dunbar High School

Objectives: To understand one example of educational opportunity available to African-American students prior to the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka decision in 1954; To illustrate and understand one strategy that African-Americans used to combat racial segregation; To analyze the feelings of students who attended Dunbar.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: 9-12 High School

Geographic: Ouachita Mountains

Location: Pulaski County

Time period: Early 20th Century (Great Depression) (gr 9-12); World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

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Lesson plans: Hard times come again no more: Letters from Arkansas Families in the Great Depression

Students will learn about the extent of poverty in Arkansas during the Great Depression, in a time before government relief existed. They will read and analyze handwritten letters sent to the Governor of Arkansas by Arkansans desperately seeking a job to buy food, seed to plant the next crop, and even hand-me-down clothes. (Copies of the letters are included below.) Students will also transcribe these original letters, giving them a glimpse of the historian’s task of deciphering and understanding original source material.

Creator: Butler Center

Grades: 5-8 Middle School; 9-12 High School

Time period: Early 20th Century (Great Depression) (gr 9-12)

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Lesson plans: Over there!

One goal of the lesson is to teach students about determining the role of a citizen in the United States and analyzing ways the government used propaganda to manipulate individual’s involvement in WWI. A second goal of the lesson is to teach students how to analyze primary sources to compare and contrast the expectations of the involvement with the realities of war. Students will end the lesson by using new information to create their own accounts of World War I.

Creator: Butler Center

Grades: 9-12 High School

Time period: Early 20th Century (Great Depression) (gr 9-12)

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Lesson plan: 1931 England food riot

Students will begin by looking at America as a whole during the Depression. Students will then refine their perspective to a specific event, the England Food Riot, in Arkansas history that took place during that period. Students will look closer into the past by examining one family in that area. They will use resources for a predetermined task.

Creator: Butler Center

Grades: 9-12 High School

Geographic: Mississippi Alluvial Plain

Location: Lonoke County

Time period: Early 20th Century (Great Depression) (gr 9-12)

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Lesson plan: Southern flood blues: The Great Flood of 1927

Students will begin the lesson by analyzing primary and secondary information and placing that information into a graphic organizer. Students will then read articles regarding the treatment of African-Americans during the flood and discuss how this treatment led to the founding of the Delta Blues movement across the country. Students will take this information and apply it to their own place and time. Students will use information for a predetermined task.

Creator: Butler Center

Grades: 9-12 High School

Geographic: Mississippi Alluvial Plain

Time period: Early 20th Century (Great Depression) (gr 9-12)

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Lesson plan: Arkansas and the CCC

Students will analyze primary sources to understand the context of the Great Depression. Students will then research multiple resources, such as the online Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture, to understand the CCC and the role it played at Petit Jean State Park. Students will arrange their information in a graphic organizer as a means to understand key concepts, as well as relationships between past, present and future. Students will use resources for a predetermined task.

Creator: Butler Center

Grades: 9-12 High School

Time period: Early 20th Century (Great Depression) (gr 9-12)

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