Lesson plans: Salt of the earth: A Caddo industry in Arkansas

In this short lesson students will learn about the Caddo salt industry at the Hardman Settlement east of Arkadelphia. As well as learning how salt deposits formed in the West Gulf Coastal Plain of Arkansas, students will study the process of Caddo salt production and the uses and trade value of salt.

Creator: Butler Center

Grades: 5-8 Middle School

Geographic: West Gulf Coastal Plain

Location: Clark County

Time period: Modern Era 1968 to Present

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Lesson plans: Bromine: An Important Arkansas Industry

Arkansas ranks first in the world in the production of bromine, the basis for many widely-used chemical compounds. In this lesson students will learn about the formation and history of Arkansas’ bromine reserves in Union and Colombia Counties in the West Gulf Coastal Plain Natural Division. They will also learn about the many uses of bromine-derived compounds and their health and environmental effects as they debate the pros and cons of bromine production in Arkansas.

Creator: Butler Center

Grades: 5-8 Middle School

Geographic: West Gulf Coastal Plain

Location: Columbia County; Union County

Time period: Modern Era 1968 to Present

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Lesson plans: In God We Trust: The Camden man who put the missing motto on the dollar bill

Students will use copies of original letters, telegrams, and magazine articles to analyze what motivated Mr. Rothert to have the missing motto, “In God We Trust,” added to U.S. paper currency. Groups of students will make oral presentations, using these documents as the sources of their findings.

Creator: Butler Center

Grades: 5-8 Middle School; 9-12 High School

Geographic: West Gulf Coastal Plain

Location: Ouachita County

Time period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967; Modern Era 1968 to Present

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Lesson plan: Red River Campaign (a.k.a. The Camden Expedition)

Students will research and analyze the Red River Expedition in Arkansas during the American Civil War utilizing both primary and secondary sources, if available. Students will identify the location of a particular battle in Arkansas on a map from the Red River Campaign. Students will present their “battle” report to the rest of the class.

Creator: Butler Center

Grades: 5-8 Middle School; 9-12 High School

Geographic: West Gulf Coastal Plain

Location: Ouachita County

Time period: Civil War Through the Gilded Age 1861-1900

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Lesson plan: Battle or Massacre: You Decide Engagement at Poison Spring

The major goal of the unit is to guide students as they research a Arkansas Civil War topic, The Engagement at Poison Spring, in preparation for a classroom ‘debate’.

Creator: Butler Center

Grades: 9-12 High School

Geographic: West Gulf Coastal Plain

Location: Ouachita County

Time period: Civil War Through the Gilded Age 1861-1900

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Lesson plan: Railroads in Hempstead County

Students will begin by determining what is needed to create and maintain a successful town/city. Students will then view primary and secondary sources to see the relationship between development and the railroad system in Hempstead County and analyze which aspects made the progression of these locations decline or become more prosperous. Students will take this information and apply it to their own place and time. Students will use resources for a predetermined task.

Creator: Butler Center

Grades: 9-12 High School

Geographic: West Gulf Coastal Plain

Location: Hempstead County

Time period: Civil War Through the Gilded Age 1861-1900

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