Lesson plans: “All the World is Watching Us”, The Crisis at Little Rock Central High School, 1954-1957

Objectives: To learn about and feel emotions of the events surrounding the integration of Little Rock Central High Schoo; To relate the events of the Little Rock Central High School crisis to the overall Civil Rights movement, to current events, and to themselves; To place locations and events in context through mapping skills; To better understand race relations of the past and present, and be encouraged to think about race relations in the future.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: 5-8 Middle School; 9-12 High School

Geographic: Ouachita Mountains

Location: Pulaski County

Time period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

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Lesson plans: Paul Laurence Dunbar High School

Objectives: To understand one example of educational opportunity available to African-American students prior to the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka decision in 1954; To illustrate and understand one strategy that African-Americans used to combat racial segregation; To analyze the feelings of students who attended Dunbar.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: 9-12 High School

Geographic: Ouachita Mountains

Location: Pulaski County

Time period: Early 20th Century (Great Depression) (gr 9-12); World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

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Lesson plans: Every Person Has a Story of Courage: The Little Rock Nine

Objectives: To learn about and feel the emotions of events surrounding the integration of Little Rock Central High School; To identify the Little Rock Nine, their contributions to the Civil Rights Movement, and understand their courage in the face of adversity.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: 5-8 Middle School; 9-12 High School

Geographic: Ouachita Mountains

Location: Pulaski County

Time period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

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Lesson plans: You’re the Justice! A Landmark Case in Supreme Court History

In 1954, the United States Supreme Court issued a decision that declared “separate education facilities [were] inherently unequal” and violated the 14th Amendment guarantee of “equal protection of the laws” for all citizens. It was a reversal of the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson decision, which established the doctrine of “separate but equal.”

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: 9-12 High School

Geographic: Ouachita Mountains

Location: Pulaski County

Time period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

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Lesson plans: “Great things happen in small places…” Government Authority and Civil Rights Activism in Arkansas

Objectives: To comprehend the desegregation crisis at Little Rock Central High School in 1957; To identify the Arkansas State Legislature, its role in the crisis at Little Rock Central High School, and the attributes of effective leadership; To comprehend the way legal appeals through the federal court systems, combined with grass roots organizations (church communities, neighborhoods) and individual activism, causedchange at Little Rock Central High School; To feel the depth of emotion held by all sides of the struggle and encourage respect for personal opinion.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: 9-12 High School

Geographic: Ouachita Mountains

Location: Pulaski County

Time period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

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Lesson plans: Daisy Lee Gatson Bates

Objectives: To identify major civil rights leaders; To learn that ordinary men and women struggled
for their beliefs and the beliefs of others during the Civil Rights Movement; All the participants of the Civil Rights Movement –
famous or otherwise – deserve to have their stories told; All persons have the obligation to pass stories related to the Civil Rights Movement to younger people.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: K-4 Elementary School; 5-8 Middle School; 9-12 High School

Geographic: Ouachita Mountains

Location: Pulaski County

Time period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

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Lesson plans: Historical Fiction in Hot Springs

The lesson plan utilizes Three Strangers Come to Call by Janis Kent Percefull, published in 2008 by Ouachita Springs Region Historical Research Center located in Hot Springs, AR (71913). According to the summary of the Library of Congress Cataloging in Process information, the summary of the book describes the main characters, Rachel Lee and Henrietta, who are cousins. The girls encounter three strangers who are intent upon seeing their grandfather, Dr. Robert McNeil. Dr McNeil is a Hot Springs physician and a Civil War veteran. Each stranger presents their grandfather with a gift, impacting the family in three different ways.

Creator: Butler Center

Grades: 9-12 High School

Geographic: Ouachita Mountains

Location: Garland County

Time period: Civil War Through the Gilded Age 1861-1900

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Lesson plans: Ouachita National Forest and Its Value to “The Natural State”

The preservation and management of the Ouachita National Forest, the South’s oldest and largest national forest, has helped make it possible for Arkansas to remain “The Natural State.” Students will learn how the area developed into a national forest and the importance of retaining the habitats of the plants and animals that live there. Students will also locate the Ouachita National Forest; the Ouachita Mountains Natural Division; and the Caddo, Ouachita, Cossatot, and Little Missouri Rivers on a map of Arkansas. Students will research a plant or animal native to the Ouachita Mountains, describe its habitat, and express its value to the region. They will then design their own tourist brochures showcasing the recreational opportunities in the Ouachita National Forest. They will develop an understanding of the value of preservation and forest management, as well as learn specific information about the Ouachita Mountains Natural Division.

Creator: Butler Center

Grades: 5-8 Middle School

Geographic: Ouachita Mountains

Time period: Modern Era 1968 to Present

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Lesson plans: The Story of Hot Springs, 1500-1900 AD

In this short lesson students will learn about the geology and hydrology of Arkansas’ “hot springs” and how the environment of the Ouachita Mountains Natural Division relates to the development of the city of Hot Springs. They will become aware of the role the U.S. Government played in the preservation of the hot springs and will work in class to create their own advertisements for the city and the therapeutic effects of its waters.

Creator: Butler Center

Grades: 5-8 Middle School

Geographic: Ouachita Mountains

Location: Garland County

Time period: Pre-European Exploration Through Arkansas Settlement to 1802

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