Student produced content: Elizabeth Eckford

Rachel Gibson attended a talk by Ruby Bridges at Harding University on February 2, 2017 where she met Elizabeth Eckford in the audience. Students at Harding and at area public schools who also attended the evening program were invited to share their responses to the stories they heard that evening as part of the Civil Rights Memory Project at Little Rock Central High, sponsored by the Butler Center for Arkansas Studies at the Central Arkansas Library.

Creator: Rachel Gibson, Harding University

Time Period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

Location: Pulaski County

Lesson plans: Harriet Tubman: Women and the Civil War

Students shall investigate the causes and effects of war in the early history of the United States.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: K-4 Elementary School

Time period: Civil War Through the Gilded Age 1861-1900

View and download the lesson plan.

Lesson plans: Civil War to Civil Rights

OBJECTIVES: Students will examine the issues that divided the North and the South and understand why the Civil War was a major turning point in American history; Students willevaluatetheimpactof“JimCrow”lawsontheCivilRightsMovement. • Students will evaluate the role the courts played in recognizing African Americans’ civil rights.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: K-4 Elementary School; 5-8 Middle School; 9-12 High School

Time period: Civil War Through the Gilded Age 1861-1900; World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967; Modern Era 1968 to Present); World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

View and download the lesson plan.

Lesson plans: American Indians and the 14th Amendment

OBJECTIVES: Students will examine and understand the meaning of the 14th Amendment as it was written in 1865 and how it is applied in the 20th and 21st centuries to American Indians; Students will examine the legal standing of American Indians before and after the passage of the 14th Amendment; Students will be able to define the changing definition of citizenship in America.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: 9-12 High School

Time period: Civil War Through the Gilded Age 1861-1900; Early 20th Century (Progressive Era and WW1) (gr 9-12); Early 20th Century (Great Depression) (gr 9-12); World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

View and download the lesson plan.

Lesson plans: You’re the Justice! A Landmark Case in Supreme Court History

In 1954, the United States Supreme Court issued a decision that declared “separate education facilities [were] inherently unequal” and violated the 14th Amendment guarantee of “equal protection of the laws” for all citizens. It was a reversal of the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson decision, which established the doctrine of “separate but equal.”

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: 9-12 High School

Geographic: Ouachita Mountains

Location: Pulaski County

Time period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

View and download the lesson plan.

Lesson plans: “Great things happen in small places…” Government Authority and Civil Rights Activism in Arkansas

Objectives: To comprehend the desegregation crisis at Little Rock Central High School in 1957; To identify the Arkansas State Legislature, its role in the crisis at Little Rock Central High School, and the attributes of effective leadership; To comprehend the way legal appeals through the federal court systems, combined with grass roots organizations (church communities, neighborhoods) and individual activism, causedchange at Little Rock Central High School; To feel the depth of emotion held by all sides of the struggle and encourage respect for personal opinion.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: 9-12 High School

Geographic: Ouachita Mountains

Location: Pulaski County

Time period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

View and download the lesson plan.

Lesson plans: Daisy Lee Gatson Bates

Objectives: To identify major civil rights leaders; To learn that ordinary men and women struggled
for their beliefs and the beliefs of others during the Civil Rights Movement; All the participants of the Civil Rights Movement –
famous or otherwise – deserve to have their stories told; All persons have the obligation to pass stories related to the Civil Rights Movement to younger people.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: K-4 Elementary School; 5-8 Middle School; 9-12 High School

Geographic: Ouachita Mountains

Location: Pulaski County

Time period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

View and download the lesson plan.

Lesson plans: “All the World is Watching Us”, The Crisis at Little Rock Central High School, 1954-1957

Objectives: To learn about and feel emotions of the events surrounding the integration of Little Rock Central High Schoo; To relate the events of the Little Rock Central High School crisis to the overall Civil Rights movement, to current events, and to themselves; To place locations and events in context through mapping skills; To better understand race relations of the past and present, and be encouraged to think about race relations in the future.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: 5-8 Middle School; 9-12 High School

Geographic: Ouachita Mountains

Location: Pulaski County

Time period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

View and download the lesson plan.

Lesson plans: Desegregation: Past, Present, and Future

Objectives: To engage students in a debate about the relevancy of desegregation today.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: 5-8 Middle School; 9-12 High School

Time period: World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

View and download the lesson plan.

Lesson plans: Paul Laurence Dunbar High School

Objectives: To understand one example of educational opportunity available to African-American students prior to the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka decision in 1954; To illustrate and understand one strategy that African-Americans used to combat racial segregation; To analyze the feelings of students who attended Dunbar.

Creator: Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

Grades: 9-12 High School

Geographic: Ouachita Mountains

Location: Pulaski County

Time period: Early 20th Century (Great Depression) (gr 9-12); World War II Through the Civil Rights Era 1941-1967

View and download the lesson plan.